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419 Advance Fee Fraud

Nigerian 419 Advance Fee Fraud

419 Fraud A scam originating in Nigeria, 419 comes in a number of guises, but always with the same objective in mind. Victims are offered huge sums of money, normally in return for the use of their bank account for routing of an even more improbable sum of money out of countries such as Nigeria, Sierre Leone, Ghana and so on. However, 'technical' problems soon arise in the form of taxes, levies, administrative charges, bribes etc., payments for which are demanded of the victim. Successful 419ers are sophisticated and very convincing. Victims frequently continue to pay the fees requested by the 419ers until they are virtually broke and in serious debt. For a definitive guide to 419 fraud, read all 419 subjects on this site and visit the web site of the organization representing 419 victims' interests, The 419 Coalition, at http://home.rica.net/alphae/419coal/.

419 scam operational structure

419 'rings' can be quite large with many individuals carrying out a variety of tasks. The ringleaders and true beneficiaries, although identifiable from investigation, are masked from the operational structure, the 'shadows' behind what is immediately visible. The majority of 419ers brought to justice are at the 'front-end' of the operation and are invariably fall-guys. A group of individuals will organize and effect mass e-mailing of potential victims with letters of introduction. These groups generally work from residential, state-aided addresses. For victims who 'bite', another raft of individuals is brought in to deal with telephone and face-to-face negotiations. Yet other individuals are used to set up spoof internet banking sites and incorporate companies with which to open bank accounts. Further individuals are entrusted as signatories of bank accounts to which the transfers of 'fees' are made. These are key individuals and victims are unlikely to have ever met or spoken to them. These individuals will have some assets but often nothing like the sums involved in the victim's loss. The real beneficiaries, those individuals who it is our task to identify, stand well back from any obvious involvement, but will be responsible for funding the operation as well as for subsequently laundering the money. Often also legitimate international businessmen, these individuals make enormous sums of money from scams and will invariably have substantial assets in western jurisdictions, notably in the UK.
 

The rizomatic roots of E- Cyber Crime networks.

Of course all businesses, including cyber crime, are dynamic and it is necessary to adapt. But adapt to what?

Consider the roots of E- Cyber Crime networks have rizomatic dynamics: resisting, contaminating, and vitalizing what has been established, integrating unknown actors and open sourced adaptive. No linear growth or (common) organizational structure.

The only guarantee one gets when cutting a head of these new criminal networks, is that there are more new heads popping up in (until recent) unpredictable shapes and places.

Media campaigns to warn and educate the public, procedures to protect and change infrastructure, new laws and regulations or arresting a hundred or a thousand obvious perpetrators is positive action, but does not stop the growth and effectiveness of those rizomatic criminal networks, they adapt faster, their decision cycles are significantly shorter and they get better.

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News

07-03-2009 Zwendelaar Stanford ook witwasser
Ultrascan raakte op het spoor van het witwasschandaal tijdens een onderzoek naar de handel in nepaandelen vanuit de Filippijnen. Volgens woordvoerder Frank Engelsman staat het witwasschandaal geheel los van de fraude van acht miljard dollar die onlangs aan het licht kwam. ''Die zaak is kinderspel vergeleken bij de bedragen die werden witgewassen.''

09-11-2008
ZEMBLA We weten alles van u
Gegevens van Nederlandse creditcard houders zijn te koop op Russische criminele sites. Voor vijf dollar per stuk kocht het televisie programma ZEMBLA acht willekeurige ‘personages’: hun namen, huisadressen, e-mailadressen, telefoonnummers en creditcard -gegevens. Met die gegevens heeft ZEMBLA probleemloos aankopen gedaan.

07-11-2008
NOS Journaal - Creditcardgegevens te koop op web.
Gegevens van creditcardhouders uit Nederland zijn via internet te koop op Russische websites. Dat meldt Zembla in een uitzending die
zondagavond wordt uitgezonden.

29-08-2008
How Nigerian politics affect your inbox
OTTAWA — You may never have heard of Nuhu Ribadu, but you will likely feel the impact now that he has been unceremoniously dumped from his job as head of the Economic and Financial Crime Commission in Nigeria.
Just watch your e-mail inbox.

05 june 2008
BBC uncovers UK-Nigerian scam
The BBC has uncovered evidenScammer traced to his internet shop in londonce that a growing number of Nigerian fraudsters are operating from within the UK.
Victims are promised a lottery win or inheritance but must pay cash up front, which the criminals then keep. Anna Adams reports.

More News with Ultrascan

Alerts and press releases

05-03-2009 Report incriminates Stanford Int. Offshore Bank
The report outlines the suspicions, including number of bank accounts, names and account details, that the Stanford International Bank has been involved in an international money laundering scheme of shocking magnitude that has spread its tentacles throughout the world.

12-12-2008 Van Gaststudent tot Cybercrime Miljonair
'Er is genoeg voor iedereen’
Business case scenario van Cyber Criminelen. Het is vrijdag nacht 2 december 2005 in een Zuid-Europese kustplaats. Peter, een 17 jaar oude IT gaststudent, mag voor de eerste keer mee met zijn vrienden om skim-apparatuur te plaatsen op bank automaten in de buurt.

09-11-2008 Identiteitsfraude op bestelling
Ultrascan toont in Zembla aan hoe gemakkelijk het is om gestolen creditcardgegevens via het internet aan te schaffen en vervolgens te misbruiken door het aanschaffen van goederen via internet of het cashen van geld bij een ATM

17-03-2008
Case study of a high loss victim
John, a PhD graduate who has run his family's wine business, first fell victim to a scam in 2001. Seven years and more than $500,000 later he is still sending money to fraudsters in the hope that one more payment will release the long-promised rewards.

01-02-2008
Three Defendants Plead Guilty in Advance-Fee Fraud
WASHINGTON – Three defendants pleaded guilty to federal charges of running an “advance-fee” scheme that targeted U.S. victims with promises of millions of dollars, including money from an estate and a lottery, Assistant Attorney General Alice S. Fisher of the Criminal Division and U.S. Attorney Benton J. Campbell of the Eastern District of New York announced today.
More Alerts and Press Releases